© 2019 by Rabbi David Paskin

JPaL is a program of Temple Sinai of North Dade
Call Us: 305-932-9012   /   rabbi.david@tsnd.org   /  18801 NE 22nd Ave, Miami, FL 33180

Enduring Understandings:

You will understand that...

  • Living Jewishly brings the Torah to life

  • Being a Jew makes me unique and special in the world

  • I can see the world through "Jewish eyes" and make good choices guided by Jewish teachings and values

Essential Questions:

What do you think?

  • How do I show gratitude?

  • How does being Jewish make me different than other people?

  • How does being Jewish change the way I behave and act in the world?

I can put on a tallit with the corresponding blessing and demonstrate understanding of when it is worn

Putting on a טַלִּית is actually really easy. If you are using a smaller טַלִּית that just fits over your shoulders there are just two steps:

1.  Hold the טַלִּית with the עֲטָרָה (the fancy part at the top) facing you and say the blessing:

בָּרוּךְ אַתָּה יְיָ אֱלהֵינוּ מֶלֶךְ הָעולָם. אֲשֶׁר קִדְּשָׁנוּ בְּמִצְותָיו. וְצִוָּנוּ לְהִתְעַטֵּף בַּצִיצִית

2.  Then, wrap it around yourself. Many wrap it over their head for a few moments, to fully surround themselves in the mitzvah, before settling the tallit back on their shoulders.

If you're wearing a larger טַלִּית that covers your whole body, you begin the same and then grab the sides of the טַלִּית and fold them over your shoulders. 

I can follow the prayer motions associated with appropriate prayers

Prayer is a full body experience. We don't just pray with our mouths - we pray with our hearts, our heads, our hands, our feet and everything in between. See if you can match the movement to the prayer.

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I can show my understanding of tzitzit/tallit and the role they play in prayer and Jewish life

צִיצִית are the strings, or fringes, tied to each of the four corners of a tallit, or prayer shawl. They are widely considered a reminder, not unlike a string around one’s finger, to think of God at all times.

 

צִיצִית fulfill the commandment in בַּמִּדְבָּר chapter 37, in the פָּרָשָׁה called Parshat Shlach:

Speak to the Israelite people and instruct them to make for themselves fringes on the corners of their garments throughout the ages; let them attach a cord of blue to the fringe at each corner. That shall be your fringe; look at it and recall all the commandments of ADONAI and observe them, so that you do not follow your heart and eyes in your lustful urge. Thus you shall be reminded to observe all My commandments and to be holy to your God.

 

The commandment to wear צִיצִית is repeated in the וְאָהַבְתָּ section of the שְׁמַע.

Now let's see what these strings are all about. To do that we're going to do some מִצְוָה Math.

I can show my understanding of the commandment against mixing meat and milk

The laws concerning milk and meat are very strict and are written in the Torah. People who keep kosher are very strict when it comes to this rule. They have separate dishes, cutlery and other cooking utensils, separate sinks and tablecloths. (Some people even check their pets’ food to see if it has any mixing of meat and milk).

Food that does not have any meat or milk in it is called ‘pareve’. This means that the food can be eaten with either a meat or a milk meal. Examples include salad and drinks. Salad bowls and drinking glasses can be used with both meat and milk dishes.

After eating meat, many Jews wait a certain amount of time until eating foods containing milk. Some people wait one hour, others wait three hours. Some people wait six hours in between meat and milk.

 

When we eat milk products, they are digested much faster than meat products, so we don’t need to wait very long. The custom is to wait for half an hour after eating milk to eat meat. We are also told to rinse out our mouths with a pareve drink (such as water) before eating dairy.

Now that you know all of this - it's time to put your knowledge to the test.

I can read and recite blessings over food including: Hamotzi, pri hagafen, minei m'zonot, shehakol nihiyeh bidvaro, pri ha'adamah, pri ha'eitz

There is so much to be thankful for - especially all of the delicious food we get to eat. Jews show thanks by saying blessings and there are different blessings for different kinds of foods. 

For bread we say:

 בָּרוּךְ אַתָּה יי אֱלֹהֵינוּ מֶלֶךְ הָעוֹלָם הַמּוֹצִיא לֶחֶם מִן הָאָרֶץ

For grape juice we say:

 בָּרוּךְ אַתָּה יי אֱלֹהֵינוּ מֶלֶךְ הָעוֹלָם בּוֹרֵא פְּרִי הַגֶּפֶן

For cookies and other baked treats we say:

בָּרוּךְ אַתָּה יי אֱלֹהֵינוּ מֶלֶךְ הָעוֹלָם בּוֹרֵא מִינֵי מְזוֹנוֹת

For vegetables we say:

 בָּרוּךְ אַתָּה יי אֱלֹהֵינוּ מֶלֶךְ הָעוֹלָם בּוֹרֵא פְּרִי הָאֲדָמָה

For fruits we say:

בָּרוּךְ אַתָּה יי אֱלֹהֵינוּ מֶלֶךְ הָעוֹלָם בּוֹרֵא פְּרִי הָעֵץ

For everything else we say:

 בָּרוּךְ אַתָּה יי אֱלֹהֵינוּ מֶלֶךְ הָעוֹלָם שֶׁהַכֹּל נִהְיָה בִּדְבָרוֹ

I can identify key characteristics of Jewish wedding and Jewish funeral rituals

Jewish weddings and funerals can be different than regular weddings and funerals. Watch the videos below to learn more about each.

Learn about Jewish Weddings

Learn about Jewish Funerals

  • Coming soon!