Enduring Understandings:

You will understand that...

  • Living Jewishly brings the Torah to life

  • Being a Jew makes me unique and special in the world

  • I can see the world through "Jewish eyes" and make good choices guided by Jewish teachings and values

Essential Questions:

What do you think?

  • How do I show gratitude?

  • How does being Jewish make me different than other people?

  • How does being Jewish change the way I behave and act in the world?

I can show my understanding of why many Jews choose to dress up or differently on Shabbat and holidays

What we wear says a lot about what's important to us. If I wear a sports jersey that tells people that I love sports. If an adult wears a white lab coat that tells me that they work in medicine. On Shabbat and Jewish holidays, we want to show the world that these days are important to us. That's why we dress differently on these days. Some people like to dress up for Shabbat and holidays. Other people wear white as they celebrate. Lots of people choose to wear a kippah and tallit, especially when they are at temple praying.

What do you wear on Shabbat and holidays that shows your friends that these days are important to you?

I can show my understanding of the role of the rabbi, cantor and shaliach tzibur in the ritual life of the synagogue

It takes many people to build a Jewish community. Two of those people are the rabbi and cantor. In smaller communities that don't have a rabbi or cantor, a Shaliach Tzibur leads the community in prayer. Shaliach Tzibur means messenger of the congregation.

Many synagogues have a rabbi who teaches and cares for people in the community. 

Many synagogues have a cantor who leads services, and shares beautiful music.

How much do you know about your rabbi and cantor? Take our quiz below to find out. If you don't know the answer - ask your rabbi or cantor!

how much do you know.jpg

I can distinguish between menorah and hanukkiyah and demonstrate my understanding of the connection between the menorah and the ner tamid

A chanukiah is a type of candelabra, with nine candle holders. Eight candles are in a line and the ninth candle is out of place, either at a different height or in a different position on the Chanukiah. They come in all shapes and sizes as long as there are eight candles at the same height and in line with each other with a ninth candle misaligned, then it is classed ‘Kosher’ Chanukiah. The Chanukiah represent the miracle of the oil burning for eight days instead of one. Every day of Chanukah Jewish families get together at sunset and light the Chanukiah, one day at a time so that on the eighth day, all the candles are burning bright. The one candle that is out of place is known as the service candle or in Hebrew the ‘Shamash’. It is used to light all the other candles on the Chanukiah and it is lit first. The rest of the Chanukiah is lit from right to left.

The other type of candelabra is known as a Menorah and is more of a symbolic object. It dates back to the time of the first temple in Jerusalem. It consists of seven branches of candle holders and does not have a ‘Shamash’ out of place. The Menorah is one of the oldest symbols in Judaism. The high priests known as the ‘Kohanim’ used to light the menorah in the temple every evening, using olive oil to burn. The Menorah is known as a symbol of the Jewish Faith and Religion. In every Synagogue all over the world, there is a light placed above the Arc which holds the scrolls of the Torah, Jewish Bible. It is known as the ‘Ner Tamid’ (The everlasting light).This light represents the menorah from the original temples. There are also Menorahs placed in synagogues as ornaments as they are beautiful decorations and remind the Jews of the temples which were destroyed.

The difference between the Hanukiah and Menorah is that the Hanukiah is lit on the festival of Hanukkah and the Menorah is not. In addition, the Menorah has fewer branches than the Hanukiah and does not have an out of place ‘Shamash’. The menorah is just a symbol representing the Jewish faith.

Use creative materials to make a Hanuki-orah. That's a Hanukiah and Menorah in one. Your Hanuki-orah will need to have 2 removable candles.

I can categorize foods as Biblically kosher or not kosher

The word “kosher” means “fit” or “proper”. It means that something is OK to eat. The laws of Kashrut (dietary laws) come from the Torah and were added to over time by rabbis who made them clearer so people could follow them in everyday life.

Many people ask: “Do you think God cares what we eat?” What they are asking is really “Do you think God cares?” God cares for you as a person and would like you to follow the laws of the Torah so that you can be the best person you can be.

According to the Torah there are certain animals we are not allowed to eat. Animals have to have split hooves, which means their hoof is split into two toes and they have to chew their cud. This means that animals chew their food, swallow it and then bring it back up and chew it again. (Kind of gross huh?) Click on the images below to find out which animals are kosher according to the Torah.

Create two funny menus: One for a kosher restaurant and one for a non-kosher restaurant. Have fun with your menu items and make sure to include some of the animals listed above.

I can recite blessings over food including: Pri ha'adamah, pri ha'eitz Shehakol nihiyeh bidvaro

There is so much to be thankful for - especially all of the delicious food we get to eat. Jews show thanks by saying blessings and there are different blessings for different kinds of foods. 

For vegetables we say:

 בָּרוּךְ אַתָּה יי אֱלֹהֵינוּ מֶלֶךְ הָעוֹלָם בּוֹרֵא פְּרִי הָאֲדָמָה

For fruits we say:

בָּרוּךְ אַתָּה יי אֱלֹהֵינוּ מֶלֶךְ הָעוֹלָם בּוֹרֵא פְּרִי הָעֵץ

For everything else we say:

 בָּרוּךְ אַתָּה יי אֱלֹהֵינוּ מֶלֶךְ הָעוֹלָם שֶׁהַכֹּל נִהְיָה בִּדְבָרוֹ

Here's the blessing for everything else.


Create a menu of your favorite foods. Next to each food, instead of a price, write which blessing we say over that food.

I can identify key characteristics of Brit Milah and Brit Bat

It's so exciting when a new baby is born. To celebrate, we have two special events: Boys have a Brit Milah and girls have a Brit Bat. At both ceremonies the baby gets his or her Hebrew name. They also take part in a ritual that welcomes them into the covenant of Abraham and Sarah. A covenant is a promise. Long ago, God promised Abraham and Sarah that they would have a big family and a beautiful home. Abraham and Sarah promised God that they would work every day to be the best people they could be and follow God's commandments. 

Learn more about Brit Milah.

Learn more about Brit Bat.

© 2019 by Rabbi David Paskin

JPaL is a program of Temple Sinai of North Dade
Call Us: 305-932-9012   /   rabbi.david@tsnd.org   /  18801 NE 22nd Ave, Miami, FL 33180