Enduring Understandings:

You will understand that...

  • Jews build community through holiday observance and ritual celebrations.

  • Jewish life is best lived in community.

  • The Jewish holidays teach us to appreciate the many cycles of renewal and rebirth.

Essential Questions:

What do you think?

  • What are some of the important lessons from these Jewish holidays?

  • How does the idea that Jews everywhere celebrate these same holidays connect me to the Jewish community?

I can show proper use of the Passover symbols and ritual items

Check out our interactive קְעָרָה (Seder plate) and see if you know the names of all of the symbols and how we use them during the סֵדֶר.

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Create a giant size version of one of the holiday symbols out of creative materials and write the big idea it presents inside the symbol.

I can draw connections between the Passover narrative/big ideas and the ritual practices of the holiday

You know the story of פֶּסַח and you know the rituals that we do to celebrate פֶּסַח. Now it's time to make some connections.

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I can connect the holiday narrative with the season/timing of Passover

Passover in Hebrew is פֶּסַח (Pesach). פֶּסַח is also called חַג הָאָבִיב (Chag Ha'aviv) or the Spring festival since Passover always falls in the spring. Spring is the beginning of new life. Flowers and trees begin to grow and bloom again after a long, dark winter and the world seems to be re-born. When the Israelites were freed from Egypt it was a little like they were re-born also. They had been slaves for hundreds of years and were now a free people. 

In Hebrew, Egypt is called מִצְרַיִם. According to the text on Jewish mysticism, the Zohar, the name מִצְרַיִם comes from the Hebrew word m’tzarim, which means “narrow straits” (mi, “from,” tzar, “narrow” or “tight”). When God took us out of מִצְרַיִם, God freed us from a narrow place of limited opportunities, tight control, and narrow-mindedness, where movement was very limited. Then, like the blossoming flower from a tiny seed, we were born into a vast wilderness with endless possibilities.

Create a diorama for Passover using natural materials that celebrate its season.

I can use appropriate Passover vocabulary in proper context and show my understanding of their meanings

You've learned a whole bunch of Hebrew words for פּוּרִים. You know the names of פּוּרִים in Hebrew, the names of the symbols and the פּוּרִים greetings. When you speak about פּוּרִים with your family and friends, can you use all of these Hebrew words? Here are some of the Hebrew words you know related to פּוּרִים:

Holiday Names

פֶּסַח - Passover

חַג הָאָבִיב - The Spring Festival

Holiday Greetings

חַג שָׂמֵחַ - Happy Holiday

Holiday Symbols

כּוֹס יַיִן - Cup of Wine

מַצָּה - Matzah
מָרוֹר - Bitter Herb

כַּרְפַּס - Green Vegetable

חֲרֹסֶת - Charoset

קְעָרָה - Seder Plate
סֵדֶר - Seder

הַגָּדָה -Haggadah

Create a video showing how Passover is celebrated using the Hebrew vocabulary words above.

I can read the b’rachot associated with the Passover symbols and ritual items along with selected t'fillot and can show my understanding of the keywords of those b'rachot and t'fillot

You're pretty good at blessings so for this unit we're going to focus on the Four Questions. The key words in the Four Questions are highlighted for you. When you think you're ready, take our Question Quiz to see how many of these keywords you actually know.

מַה נִּשְׁתַּנָּה הַלַּיְלָה הַזֶּה מִכָּל הַלֵּילוֹת?

שֶׁבְּכָל הַלֵּילוֹת אָנוּ אוֹכְלִין חָמֵץ וּמַצָּה, הַלַּיְלָה הַזֶּה – כֻּלּוֹ מַצָּה.

שֶׁבְּכָל הַלֵּילוֹת אָנוּ אוֹכְלִין שְׁאָר יְרָקוֹת – הַלַּיְלָה הַזֶּה מָרוֹר.

שֶׁבְּכָל הַלֵּילוֹת אֵין אָנוּ מַטְבִּילִין אֲפִילוּ פַּעַם אֶחָת – הַלַּיְלָה הַזֶּה שְׁתֵּי פְעָמִים.

שֶׁבְּכָל הַלֵּילוֹת אָנוּ אוֹכְלִין בֵּין יוֹשְׁבִין וּבֵין מְסֻבִּין – הַלַּיְלָה הַזֶּה כֻּלָּנוּ מְסֻבִּין.

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Take the Question Quiz

Listen to the Four Questions below and try to sing along.

Listen to Dayeinu below and try to sing along.

Create a poster for the Four Questions including the full Hebrew and highlighting the key words.

I can categorize holiday rituals as mitzvah or minhag

Since you already know what a מִצְוָה and a מִנְהָג are, now we can think about some of the פֶּסַח rituals and decide if they are a מִצְוָה or a מִנְהָג. Here's a hint for deciding what's a מִצְוָה: Most mitzvot have a blessing that includes the words, "אֲשֶׁר קִדְּשָׁנוּ בְּמִצְוֹתָיו וְצִוָּנוּ", which means, "You make us holy through your commandments and command us to..."






I can draw conclusions about the values associated with Passover based on the Passover story and ritual practices

Think about the story of פֶּסַח and the פֶּסַח rituals that you've learned about. What values do they teach us? For example: Maybe the Four Questions are supposed to teach us about the value of "curiosity." What conclusions can you draw about the values that might be associated with פּוּרִים based on the story and rituals?

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© 2019 by Rabbi David Paskin

JPaL is a program of Temple Sinai of North Dade
Call Us: 305-932-9012   /   rabbi.david@tsnd.org   /  18801 NE 22nd Ave, Miami, FL 33180