Enduring Understandings:

You will understand that...

  • Jews build community through holiday observance and ritual celebrations.

  • Jewish life is best lived in community.

  • The Jewish holidays teach us to appreciate the many cycles of renewal and rebirth.

Essential Questions:

What do you think?

  • What are some of the important lessons from these Jewish holidays?

  • How does the idea that Jews everywhere celebrate these same holidays connect me to the Jewish community?

I can match the Passover symbols and ritual items with their proper Hebrew names

Click on each holiday symbol below to learn more about it. You may think you know what it is called but see if you can use the correct Hebrew name.

קְעָרָה (K’ar’ah) is the Hebrew word for Seder plate. The קְעָרָה holds all of the important symbols we use during our Passover Seder.
מַצָּה (matzah) is bread that was baked before it had time to rise. We eat מַצָּה on Pesach to remind us of how quickly the Israelites ran out of Egypt. So quickly they didn’t even have time for their bread to rise.
The הַגָּדָה (Haggadah) means, “the telling” and it's the book we use to tell the story of our escape from slavery in Egypt.
מְרוֹר (Maror) are bitter herbs that we eat at the Passover seder. מְרוֹר remind us of how hard it was to be a slave in Egypt and how some people in the world still suffer.
כַּרְפַּס (karpas) is the green vegetable that we eat at the beginning of the Passover seder. It reminds us that Passover is the Spring festival and that this is a time of new beginnings.
A חֲרֹסֶת (charoset) is the sweet and delicious apple dish that we dip our maror into. The חֲרֹסֶת symbolizes the mortar that the Israelites used to make the bricks in Egypt.
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Create an illustrated dictionary with each Passover symbol and its Hebrew name.

I can describe details of the story of Passover

One of our favorite movies that tell the story of Pesach is the Prince of Egypt. You'll have to pay to watch it so ask ima or aba but its worth it!

Click to download and print our Holiday story flashcards. Just cut them out, mix them up and see if you can put them in the right order.


Create a cartoon or storyboard telling the story of Passover.

I can sequence the holidays in the Jewish calendar

Passover in Hebrew is פֶּסַח (Pesach). The word פֶּסַח means, "pass over". The name reminds us of how God "passed over" the homes of the Israelites during the 10th plague to save the first-born sons. פֶּסַח is also called חַג הָאָבִיב (Chag Ha'aviv) or the Spring festival since Passover always falls in the spring.

Click to download and print our Holiday name flashcards. Just cut and fold them to practice at home!


I can use appropriate Passover greetings

Passover is a wonderful holiday that we spend with family and friends. Next time you have people over to your home for a Passover seder, why not greet them with the words חַג שָׂמֵחַ.

חַג שָׂמֵחַ

Chag Sameiach

Happy Holiday

Create Passover cards using the appropriate greetings to share with your family and friends.

I can recite t'fillot that are said on Passover

The Haggadah has lots of prayers and readings that we can learn. Probably the most important is the Four Questions. We ask, "Why is this night different from other nights?" After remembering all of the amazing miracles that God did for us we sing, "Dayeinu" saying, "if God had only done one of these amazing miracles it would have been enough.

Listen to the Four Questions below and try to sing along.

Listen to Dayeinu below and try to sing along.

Create a video tutorial teaching one of the t'fillot you have learned.

I can explain the meaning of "mitzvah" as "commandment" and "minhag" as "custom"

A מִצְוָה (mitzvah) is a commandment. It's something we're all supposed to do. A מִנְהָג (minhag) is a custom. It's something that many people have done for a long time and has become an important part of their lives. Every holiday has both מִצְווֹת (mitzvot - commandments) and מִנְהָגִים (minhagim - customs).





Create a Passover "Mitzvah" and "Minhag" poster explaining each and showing examples.

I can identify details in the Passover story that lead to the practice of specific Jewish values

Middot are Jewish values. A value is a belief or behavior that we all believe is important. Some Jewish values are kindness, bravery and love. You can find a list of many more middot below. Now that you really know what Passover is all about, what middot do we practice on this day? You can print out our list of middot (plural of middah), cut each middah out and create a poster for each holiday celebrating its values.

Middot Chart.jpg

Write and put on a play telling the story of Shabbat and highlighting the values.

© 2019 by Rabbi David Paskin

JPaL is a program of Temple Sinai of North Dade
Call Us: 305-932-9012   /   rabbi.david@tsnd.org   /  18801 NE 22nd Ave, Miami, FL 33180