Enduring Understandings:

You will understand that...

  • Jews build community through holiday observance and ritual celebrations.

  • Jewish life is best lived in community.

  • The Jewish holidays teach us to appreciate the many cycles of renewal and rebirth.

Essential Questions:

What do you think?

  • What are some of the important lessons from these Jewish holidays?

  • How does the idea that Jews everywhere celebrate these same holidays connect me to the Jewish community?

I can match the Purim symbols and ritual items with their proper Hebrew names

Click on each holiday symbol below to learn more about it. You may think you know what it is called but see if you can use the correct Hebrew name.

On Purim the story of Esther is read from a special scroll called a מְגִילָּה (megillah). The מְגִילָּה is unrolled and then folded like a letter from the king as it is read.
When we hear Haman’s name we make loud noises to drown it out. One way to do this is to use a רַעֲשַׁן (ra’ashan) or grogger.
אָזְנֵי הָמָן
אָזְנֵי הָמָן (Oznei Haman) are also called Hamantaschen. They are delicious triangle-shaped cookies filled with poppyseeds, fruit or chocolate. אָזְנֵי הָמָן remind us of the 3-cornered hat worn by Haman.
מִשְׁלוֹחַ מָנוֹת
One of the mitzvot of Purim is to give מִשְׁלוֹחַ מָנוֹת (Mishloach Manot) - gifts to our friends and family. מִשְׁלוֹחַ מָנוֹת usually contain hamantaschen and other sweets.
מַתָּנוֹת לָאֶבְיוֹנִים
On פּוּרִים we give gifts to those less fortunate than us. This mitzvah is called מַתָּנוֹת לָאֶבְיוֹנִים.
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Create an illustrated dictionary with each Purim symbol and its Hebrew name.

I can describe details of the story of Purim

The Purim story is an amazing tale of bravery and courage. Check out this video of the Purim story and then challenge yourself to put the story in the correct order.

Click to download and print our Holiday story flashcards. Just cut them out, mix them up and see if you can put them in the right order.


Create a cartoon or storyboard telling the story of Purim.

I can sequence the holidays in the Jewish calendar

Purim means "lots". Not as in, "I ate lots of cookies", but as in "casting lots." To cast lots means to make a decision. We call this holiday Purim or "casting lots" because it was on this day that Haman cast lots and decided the day on which he would punish all the Jews for not bowing down to him.

Click to download and print our Holiday name flashcards. Just cut and fold them to practice at home!


I can use appropriate Purim greetings

Since Purim is such a happy holiday - it's a great time to wish someone a Happy Purim. In Hebrew we say, חַג פּוּרִים שָׂמֵחַ. 

חַג פּוּרִים שָׂמֵחַ

Chag Purim Sameiach

Happy Purim!

Create Purim Mishloach Manot cards using the appropriate greetings to share with your family and friends.

I can recite t'fillot that are said on Purim

Do you remember the prayer Al Hanisim that you learned on Chanukah? Well guess what - Purim is all about miracles also so we say this prayer on Purim also.

See if you can sing along to Al Hanisim

עַל הַנִּסִּים וְעַל הַפֻּרְקָן וְעַל הַגְּבוּרות וְעַל הַתְּשׁוּעות וְעַל הַמִּלְחָמות שֶׁעָשיתָ לַאֲבותֵינוּ בַּיָּמִים הָהֵם בִּזְּמַן הַזֶּה:

Al hanisim v'al hapurkan v'al hag'vurot v'al hat'shu'ot v'al hamilchamot she'asita la'avoteinu bayamim hahem bazman hazeh.

We praise You for the miracles and for the redemption and for the mighty deeds and for the victories and for the battles that You performed for our ancestors in those days at this time

Create a video tutorial teaching one of the t'fillot you have learned.

I can explain the meaning of "mitzvah" as "commandment" and "minhag" as "custom"

A מִצְוָה (mitzvah) is a commandment. It's something we're all supposed to do. A מִנְהָג (minhag) is a custom. It's something that many people have done for a long time and has become an important part of their lives. Every holiday has both מִצְווֹת (mitzvot - commandments) and מִנְהָגִים (minhagim - customs).





Create a Purim "Mitzvah" and "Minhag" poster explaining each and showing examples.

I can identify details in the Purim story that lead to the practice of specific Jewish values

Middot are Jewish values. A value is a belief or behavior that we all believe is important. Some Jewish values are kindness, bravery and love. You can find a list of many more middot below. Now that you really know what Purim is all about, what middot do we practice on this day? You can print out our list of middot (plural of middah), cut each middah out and create a poster for each holiday celebrating its values.

Middot Chart.jpg

Write and put on a play telling the story of Purim and highlighting the values.

© 2019 by Rabbi David Paskin

JPaL is a program of Temple Sinai of North Dade
Call Us: 305-932-9012   /   rabbi.david@tsnd.org   /  18801 NE 22nd Ave, Miami, FL 33180