© 2019 by Rabbi David Paskin

JPaL is a program of Temple Sinai of North Dade
Call Us: 305-932-9012   /   rabbi.david@tsnd.org   /  18801 NE 22nd Ave, Miami, FL 33180

Enduring Understandings:

You will understand that...

  • Jews build community through holiday observance and ritual celebrations.

  • Jewish life is best lived in community.

  • The Jewish holidays teach us to appreciate the many cycles of renewal and rebirth.

Essential Questions:

What do you think?

  • What are some of the important lessons from these Jewish holidays?

  • How does the idea that Jews everywhere celebrate these same holidays connect me to the Jewish community?

I can show proper use of the Shabbat symbols and ritual items

Now that you know what each symbol is and its Hebrew name, now we need to learn how to use them. The video below has the blessings written in English but you know how to read them in Hebrew!

:Start with the candle lighting

בָּרוּךְ אַתָּה יְיָ אֱלֹהֵינוּ מֶלֶךְ הָעוֹלָם, אֲשֶׁר קִדְּשָׁנוּ בְּמִצְוֹתָיו וְצִוָּנוּ לְהַדְלִיק נֵר שֶׁל שַׁבָּת.

Next is kiddush:

בָּרוּךְ אַתָּה יְיָ. אֱלהֵינוּ מֶלֶךְ הָעולָם בּורֵא פְּרִי הַגָּפֶן:

Now wash your hands:

בָּרוּךְ אַתָּה יְיָ אֱלהֵינוּ מֶלֶךְ הָעולָם אֲשֶׁר קִדְּשָׁנוּ בְּמִצְותָיו וְצִוָּנוּ עַל נְטִילַת יָדַיּם:

Finally Hamotzi:

בָּרוּךְ אַתָּה יְיָ אֱלֹהֵינוּ מֶלֶךְ הָעוֹלָם, הַמּוֹצִיא לֶחֶם מִן הָאָרֶץ

Create a giant size version of one of the Shabbat symbols out of creative materials and write the big idea it presents inside the symbol.

I can draw connections between the Shabbat narrative/big ideas and the ritual practices of the holiday

You know the story behind שַׁבָּת and you know the rituals that we do each week on שַׁבָּת. Now it's time to make some connections.

connect the dots.png

I can connect the holiday narrative with the season/timing of Shabbat

Numbers can magical in Judaism and some numbers are really special. The number 7 is one of those numbers.

  • There are 7 words in the very first verse of the תּוֹרָה

  • There are seven Patriarchs (fathers) and matriarchs (mothers) - Abraham, Sarah, Isaac, Rebekah, Jacob, Rachel and Lean.

  • סֻכּוֹת and פֶּסַח are each seven days long

  • The menorah in the Temple has seven branches

  • There are seven wedding blessings

  • We mourn for seven days after the death of a close relative

And most importantly, 7 is the number of שַׁבָּת. It's the number of completion because God finished all of God's work on the 7th day - שַׁבָּת! If שַׁבָּת is the last day of Creation and we celebrate שַׁבָּת on Saturday, that must mean that the first day of the week is Sunday.

Using images from the internet and magazines, create a "7" collage. Everything you include should have something to do with the number 7.

I can use appropriate Shabbat vocabulary in proper context and show my understanding of their meanings

You've learned a whole bunch of Hebrew words for שַׁבָּת. You know the names of שַׁבָּת in Hebrew, the names of the symbols and the שַׁבָּת greetings. When you speak about שַׁבָּת with your family and friends, can you use all of these Hebrew words? Here are some of the Hebrew words you know related to שַׁבָּת:

Holiday Names

שַׁבָּת - Shabbat - Day of Rest

Holiday Greetings

שַׁבָּת שָׁלוֹם - A Peaceful Shabbat
גוּט שַׁבָּת - Have a good Shabbat

Holiday Symbols

כּוֹס יַיִן - Kiddush cup
חָלָה - Challah
נֵרוֹת - Candles
פָּמוֹט - Candle sticks

Create a video showing how Shabbat is celebrated using the Hebrew vocabulary words above.

I can read the b’rachot associated with the Shabbat symbols and ritual items along with selected t'fillot and can show my understanding of the keywords of those b'rachot and t'fillot

Shabbat begins on Friday evenings. We light two candles, drink wine or grape juice and share challah. Practice the blessings so you can help make Shabbat beautiful with your whole family.

:Start with the candle lighting

בָּרוּךְ אַתָּה יְיָ אֱלֹהֵינוּ מֶלֶךְ הָעוֹלָם, אֲשֶׁר קִדְּשָׁנוּ בְּמִצְוֹתָיו וְצִוָּנוּ לְהַדְלִיק נֵר שֶׁל שַׁבָּת.

Next is kiddush:

בָּרוּךְ אַתָּה יְיָ. אֱלהֵינוּ מֶלֶךְ הָעולָם בּורֵא פְּרִי הַגָּפֶן:

Now wash your hands:

בָּרוּךְ אַתָּה יְיָ אֱלהֵינוּ מֶלֶךְ הָעולָם אֲשֶׁר קִדְּשָׁנוּ בְּמִצְותָיו וְצִוָּנוּ עַל נְטִילַת יָדַיּם:

Finally Hamotzi:

בָּרוּךְ אַתָּה יְיָ אֱלֹהֵינוּ מֶלֶךְ הָעוֹלָם, הַמּוֹצִיא לֶחֶם מִן הָאָרֶץ

When you can read all of the words of the b'rachot (blessings) take our Build-a-Blessing challenge. 

Create a poster for one of the b'rachot including the full Hebrew and highlighting the key words.

I can categorize holiday rituals as mitzvah or minhag

Since you already know what a מִצְוָה and a מִנְהָג are, now we can think about some of the שַׁבָּת rituals and decide if they are a מִצְוָה or a מִנְהָג.  Here's a hint for deciding what's a מִצְוָה: Most mitzvot have a blessing that includes the words, "אֲשֶׁר קִדְּשָׁנוּ בְּמִצְוֹתָיו וְצִוָּנוּ", which means, "You make us holy through your commandments and command us to..."

מִנְהָג

Custom

מִצְוָה

Commandment

PlayNow.png

I can draw conclusions about the values associated with Shabbat based on the Shabbat story and ritual practices

Think about the story of שַׁבָּת and the שַׁבָּת rituals that you've learned about. What values do they teach us? For example: Perhaps not working on שַׁבָּת can teach us to appreciate beauty or to value perspective. What conclusions can you draw about the values that might be associated with שַׁבָּת based on the story and rituals?

Middot Chart.jpg