Enduring Understandings:

You will understand that...

  • Jews build community through holiday observance and ritual celebrations.

  • Jewish life is best lived in community.

  • The Jewish holidays teach us to appreciate the many cycles of renewal and rebirth.

Essential Questions:

What do you think?

  • What are some of the important lessons from these Jewish holidays?

  • How does the idea that Jews everywhere celebrate these same holidays connect me to the Jewish community?

I can match the Shabbat symbols and ritual items with their proper Hebrew names

Click on each holiday symbol below to learn more about it. You may think you know what it is called but see if you can use the correct Hebrew name.

צְדָקָה (Tzedakah) is about making sure that all of the world's resources (food, water, clothing, education, shelter, etc.) are shared justly. Starting a weekly tzedakah practice as part of your Shabbat routine is a wonderful way for families to reinforce this very special Jewish value.
On Shabbat and holiday evenings we light two נֵרוֹת (nerot) candles. These remind us to both remember and observe these special days.
כּוֹס יַיִן
On Shabbat and holidays we drink a כּוֹס יַיִן (kos yayin) a cup of wine or grape juice with the special blessing “borei pri hagafen.” Wine and grape juice are a symbol of joy and celebration.
חָלָה (Challah) is a braided bread, which is made with eggs. On Shabbat and holidays, a blessing is said over two loaves, symbolizing the two portions of the manna that the Children of Israel collected on Fridays during their Exodus from Egypt.
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Create an illustrated dictionary with each Shabbat symbol and its Hebrew name.

I can describe details of the story of Shabbat

Shabbat is the seventh day of the Creation of the world. After making light and darkness; waters below and heavens above; land and oceans; sun, moon and stars; birds and fish; animals and people - God saw all that God had created and said that it was "good." Then God rested from all of God's work and gave us the gift of Shabbat so we could rest from our work as well. 

Click to download and print our Creation Cards. Just cut them out, mix them up, and see if you can put the days of Creation in the right order.


Click here to take our Creation Quiz!

Quiz Time

Create a cartoon or storyboard telling the story of the Yamim Noraim

I can use appropriate greetings for Shabbat

There are two great greetings for Shabbat. One is in Hebrew and the other is in Yiddish. (Yes, you're going to learn a little Yiddish today.) Can you tell which is which?

שַׁבַּת שָׁלוֹם

Shabbat Shalom

Have a peaceful Shabbat

גוּט שַׁבָּת

Gut Shabbos

Have a good Shabbat

Create Shabbat-o-grams using the appropriate greetings to share with your family and friends.

I can recite t'fillot that are said on Shabbat

There are beautiful t'fillot (prayers) that are said especially on Shabbat. Some of the most beautiful come from Kabbalat Shabbat, the Friday evening service that welcomes Shabbat. Here are a few of them. See if you can sing along.

Can you sing along to Romemu?

Can you sing along to Tzaddik Katamar?

Can you sing along to L'cha Dodi?

Create a video tutorial teaching one of the t'fillot you have learned.

I can explain the meaning of "mitzvah" as "commandment" and "minhag" as "custom"

A מִצְוָה (mitzvah) is a commandment. It's something we're all supposed to do. A מִנְהָג (minhag) is a custom. It's something that many people have done for a long time and has become an important part of their lives. Every holiday has both מִצְווֹת (mitzvot - commandments) and מִנְהָגִים (minhagim - customs).





Create a Shabbat "Mitzvah" and "Minhag" poster explaining each and showing examples.

I can identify details in the Shabbat story that lead to the practice of specific Jewish values

Middot are Jewish values. A value is a belief or behavior that we all believe is important. Some Jewish values are kindness, bravery and love. You can find a list of many more middot below. Now that you really know what Shabbat is all about, what middot do we practice on this day? You can print out our list of middot (plural of middah), cut each middah out and create a poster for each holiday celebrating its values.

Middot Chart.jpg

Write and put on a play telling the story of Shabbat and highlighting the values.

© 2019 by Rabbi David Paskin

JPaL is a program of Temple Sinai of North Dade
Call Us: 305-932-9012   /   rabbi.david@tsnd.org   /  18801 NE 22nd Ave, Miami, FL 33180